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5th Street Bridge

Lincoln Highway Mud Creek Bridge

   


5th Street Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: August 10, 2013
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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
5th Street (Former Lincoln Highway) Over Mud Creek
Location
Tama: Tama County, Iowa
Structure Type
Concrete Slab, Fixed
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1915 By Builder/Contractor: Paul N. Kingsley of Strawberry Point, Iowa

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
1987
Main Span Length
20 Feet (6.1 Meters)
Structure Length
22 Feet (6.7 Meters)
Roadway Width
24 Feet (7.3 Meters)
Spans
1 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
11250

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

View Archived National Bridge Inventory Report - Has Additional Details and Evaluation

View Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) Documentation For This Bridge

HAER Data Pages, PDF

This bridge is structurally a very short and simple reinforced concrete slab bridge. However, it was built with a lot of ornamentation, all aimed at advertising the Lincoln Highway which it was built to carry. As such, the bridge has a unique railing that is composed of letters spelling out "Lincoln Highway." It also has lighting standards at each corner. The bridge is historically significant for its association with the development and promotion of the Lincoln Highway. It is an intact and unaltered part of this highway which was the first successful highway route that ran from coast to coast in the United States.

Information and Findings From Iowa's Historic Bridge Inventory

Discussion of Bridge

On May 17, 1915, the Tama County Board of Supervisors contracted with Paul N. Kingsley, a relatively new contractor from Strawberry Point, Iowa, to build 53 bridges and culverts throughout the county. Kingsley was to complete the work by November 1st of that year, for $39,900. But by November Kingsley, who was struggling to manage the ambitious, multiple-bridge contracts he then held with several Iowa counties, had completed only a minimal amount of work. Although the board considered taking action against Kingsley and his bonding company in meetings held on November 27th and 30th, on December 28th they extended his contract to July 1, 1916. By spring, though, it was evident that Kingsley no longer had the wherewithal to complete the work. The supervisors declared Kingsley in default of the contract, and in December 1916, settled with the bonding company and contracted with other firms for his unfinished work. Kingsley's difficulties in fulfilling his obligations are not revealed in the historic record, and his name quickly passed from county bridge building circles. Yet Kingsley did leave a lasting legacy by building the Lincoln Highway Bridge in Tama. Constructed in 1915, three years after the formation of the Lincoln Highway Association, the bridge is representative of efforts by local officials in order to promote automobile travel to encourage economic development. In recent years, following a relocation of U.S. Highway 30, the bridge has served to carry local traffic.

Although for contractor Paul Kingsley the Lincoln Highway Bridge represented the beginning of the end, for the town of Tama it commemorated the town's place on the nation's first transcontinental highway, with the traffic commerce that accompanied it. When the route was first plotted in 1913, the citizens of Tama and the surrounding area immediately recognized its importance. "We can scarcely estimate the travel this national road will induce," the Traer Star-Clipper stated in November 1913. "Millions have already been pledged toward it and every state it spans is at work planning construction. All along the 3,000 miles work is in progress. This will probably become the best long distance auto road in the United States. Fortunate indeed is Tama county to have it pass through her entire length." The highway was routed through the small town of Tama, along Fifth Street at the town's eastern edge. When in 1915 the county planned a small bridge to carry the Lincoln Highway over Mud Creek in Tama, the county supervisors opted to add architectural expression to the otherwise typical concrete slab structure, as a means to distinguish the bridge from the hundreds of others [adapted from Fraser 1990]

Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: Yes

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