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Two Cent Bridge

Ticonic Foot Bridge

   


Two Cent Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: June 17, 2012
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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Temple Street (Pedestrian Walkway) Over Kennebec River
Location
Waterville: Kennebec County, Maine
Structure Type
Metal Pony Truss Stiffening Wire Cable Suspension, Fixed and Approach Spans: Metal Rivet-Connected Warren Pony Truss, Fixed
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1903 By Builder/Contractor: Berlin Construction Company of Berlin Connecticut and Engineer/Design: Edwin Dwight Graves of Hartford, Connecticut

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
2012
Main Span Length
400 Feet (121.9 Meters)
Structure Length
Not Available
Roadway Width
6 Feet (1.8 Meters)
Spans
1 Main Span(s) and 2 Approach Span(s)
NBI Number
Not Applicable

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

View Two Historical Biographies of Engineer Edwin Dwight Graves

This bridge is a very large example of a suspension foot bridge. Suspension foot bridges were built throughout the United States as a solution for situations where pedestrians needed to access a location, but vehicular access was not needed. Due to their design, suspension foot bridges tend to move quite noticeably under live load (people walking on the bridge) which has led to these bridges often being called "swinging bridges".

This bridge is composed of an impressive 400 foot main span. The eastern end has a steel stringer approach span and the western end has a pony truss approach span.

This bridge was built to provide workers in Waterville with access to a Hollingsworth and Whitney Company factory. The company was a paper producer.

The Two Cent Bridge's name comes from the toll that was originally charged to use the bridge by the owner of the bridge, the Taconic Bridge Company. Tolls ended at the bridge in 1960 when the bridge was given to the city of Waterville. The shell of a toll building, either a restored or reconstructed structure, remains in place at the western end of the bridge.

This bridge was a replacement for a short-lived bridge built in 1901 that was destroyed in a flood. The 1901 bridge had a one cent toll, and when it was replaced in 1903, the toll became two cents.

In 2012, the bridge was rehabilitated for continued pedestrian use. This effort is positive and represents a commitment to the preservation of this important historic bridge. The metal grate deck of the bridge was replaced. Also, the horizontal wind cables that provide bracing for the bridge against wind were replaced.

Also as part of this 2012 project, the original lattice railing on the bridge was removed and replaced with a modern railing. The replacement railing in general is a good choice for the bridge, since it looks dignified, has a metal design that compliments the fact that the bridge is a metal bridge, and also the railing does not block the view of the stiffening truss and other structural details of the bridge. However, it is most unfortunate that the original lattice railings were removed. It would have been nice to see these original railings left in place behind the new railings. Alternatively, perhaps some creative engineering could have retrofitted the existing original railing to meet current safety requirements. One of the unusual, and unexplained aspects of surviving pedestrian suspension foot bridges is that most suffer from a loss of large amounts of original bridge material. While the removal of the railing is not a major loss of integrity, and the Two Cent Bridge still retains higher than average historic integrity, this is a loss nonetheless. This railing replacement was on-going and nearly complete when HistoricBridges.org documented the bridge. However, a few segments of the original railing remained (most notably on the pony truss span) and were photographed by HistoricBridges.org.

Also as part of the 2012 rehabilitation project the pony truss was apparently raised up

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