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Benwood Bridge

Bellaire Railroad Bridge

   


Benwood Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth and Rick McOmber

Bridge Documented: August 2007
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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Railroad (Baltimore and Ohio) Over Ohio River
Location
Bellaire and Benwood: Belmont County, Ohio and Marshall County, West Virginia
Structure Type
Metal 11 Panel Pin-Connected Parker Through Truss, Fixed and Approach Spans: Stone Semicircular Deck Arch, Fixed
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1905 By Builder/Contractor: American Bridge Company of New York, New York

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
Not Available or Not Applicable
Main Span Length
347.9 Feet (106 Meters)
Structure Length
5808 Feet (1770 Meters)
Roadway Width
Not Available
Spans
6 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
Not Applicable

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

View Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) Documentation For This Bridge

View a 1905 report on the reconstruction of this bridge.

This bridge is an impressive structure. The main spans are beautiful Parker truss spans that feature attractive portal bracing design. The date of construction for these remains a mystery. They are traditionally composed, but are significant as a large-scale simple span truss bridge construction on the Ohio River. There are also plate girder and deck truss spans present. The metal truss spans date to 1905. Some of the eastern approach spans date to 1901, according to an American Bridge Company plaque on the bridge. However, just as impressive and significant, and almost a bridge unto themselves, are the extremely long series of approach spans on the Bellaire side which are stone arch spans dating to 1870-1872 called the Great Stone Viaduct. These spans were built to lead to a previous railroad bridge, and were reused when the current truss bridge was built. The approach spans are a historic structure in their own right and are a major reason why this bridge is important to preserve. The arch spans were 1.5 miles in length when they were when built in 1872, and at that time were the longest stone arch bridge in the United States at the time. The arch spans are impressive to view as they are very long and also have a curve to them.

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Photos and Videos: Benwood Bridge

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