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Bell Road Bridge

Dover Mill Bridge

   


Bell Road Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: July 1, 2006
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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Bell Road Over Huron River
Location
Dover: Washtenaw County, Michigan
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1891 By Builder/Contractor: Wrought Iron Bridge Company of Canton, Ohio

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
Not Available or Not Applicable
Main Span Length
104 Feet (31.7 Meters)
Structure Length
108 Feet (32.9 Meters)
Roadway Width
13 Feet (3.96 Meters)
Spans
1 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
Not Applicable

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

This is a six panel Pratt through truss. With its a-frame portal bracing and v-laced vertical members aligned so that the v-lacing faces the roadway, the bridge is a textbook example of the Wrought Iron Bridge Company's final standard truss design used in the 1890s in the years leading up to its acquisition by the American Bridge Company in 1900. The bridge has been moved off of its abutments and now rests on the grass near the river. The deck no longer remains on the bridge. Although there are traces of paint on the bridge, rust has done some visible damage to the bridge with some areas of section los noted. There appears to be some areas of the bridge that have had plates of steel welded to the heavily rusted areas of the bridge. No guardrails remain on the bridge.

This bridge was originally moved off so it could be preserved, but the idea came and went. No current plans are known for the bridge. Even though restoration has not been undertaken, the bridge remains standing, intact and feasible to restore. It is also protected from collapse. It had originally been seated on some of Michigan's notorious field stone abutments. A far cry from the ashlar stone substructures found in places like Pennsylvania, this type of field stone abutments is poorly constructed and does not do justice to the truss bridges they hold. A number of Michigan's historic truss bridges have been collapsed by these sorts of abutments, leading to the needless destruction of truss superstructures that were not in bad condition.

Off on the land, without a deck, repairs to the superstructure could be easily made. This bridge could perhaps be used somewhere in the Huron Mills Metro Park that is near the bridge. Although the bridge does not look as nice sitting on the grass, it is certainly not going to fall into the river. Hopefully someone will get some interest in this bridge and get this bridge fixed at least for pedestrian use. In the meantime, the bridge remains in place awaiting its future to be determined.

Information and Findings From Michigan Historic Bridge Inventory

Narrative Description

The Bell Road Bridge is one of only about ten nineteenth-century metal through truss highway bridges in Michigan. Spanning the Huron River, the bridge extends over 103 feet in length and has a width of thirteen feet. Constructed in 1891, the six-panel structure rests on fieldstone abutments. The Bell Road Bridge, now closed to vehicular traffic, is in a rural, largely wooded setting. It stands at the site of a nineteenth-century milling settlement known as Dover, of which little now survives.

Statement of Significance

The Wrought Iron Bridge Company of Canton, Ohio, was the most prolific builder of metal truss bridges in Michigan in the nineteenth century and this is the third oldest known surviving example of their work.

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