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Genesee Street Bridge

Genesee Street Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: July 8, 2012 and October 2012

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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Genesee Street (Old US-2) Over Iron River
Location
Iron River: Iron County, Michigan: United States
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1917 By Builder/Contractor: Hoose and Person Construction Company of Iron Mountain, Michigan and Engineer/Design: Michigan State Highway Department

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
1988
Main Span Length
90 Feet (27.4 Meters)
Structure Length
90 Feet (27.4 Meters)
Roadway Width
45 Feet (13.72 Meters)
Spans
1 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
364341236022B01

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)
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Bridge Documentation

View Archived National Bridge Inventory Report - Has Additional Details and Evaluation

This bridge's unusually wide width for a 1917 bridge is testimony to the fact that this was once the main road through Iron River. In 1998, US-2 was realigned to the north to carry the majority of traffic passing through Iron River. However, this bridge remains as a historic reminder of Genesee Street's history as the main road through town, and it remains a gateway to the traditional downtown area.

Very few of Michigan's small population of concrete arch bridges have been preserved, and the population has declined due to demolition in recent years. This bridge is an increasing rare example of its type in Michigan and thus it is increasingly important that this bridge be preserved. At this time, the bridge appears to be in good condition, making it an outstanding candidate for preservation efforts.

Information and Findings From Michigan Historic Sites Online

Narrative Description

Included among the twelve Iron County structures in the Survey Sample is this graceful arch bridge in the city of Iron River. The Iron River Bridge carries US-2 immediately east of the city's central business district. The bridge is a 55 foot, filled spandrel arch, with earth fill and an asphalt-surfaced roadway that is flanked on both sides by grassy strips. The elliptically shaped arch springs from massive concrete abutments. It features tapered arch ring, which is corbeled slightly from the spandrel on each side; the guardrails are solid concrete, with incised rectangular panels. Other than the installation of Armco guardrails on wooden posts inside the original concrete walls, the Iron River Bridge remains in essentially unaltered condition.

Statement of Significance

In March 1880 R.L. Seldon and his son opened the Iron River Mine on the bank of the Iron River. The mine rapidly prospered, and in 1881 Donald and Alexander McKinnon platted the town of Iron River nearby on the river's west bank, in anticipation of the influx of miners to the area. The town too flourished in the 1880s, soon expanding across the river. As the only incorporated village in newly formed Iron County, it was designated the county seat in 1885. Iron river later lost the county seat to Crystal Falls and eventually lost its economic base after a mining depression in the wake of the Panic of 1893. After the turn of the century, however, Iron River again flourished with the resurgence of the mining industry. The village built a new sewage system in 1905 and an electric network in 1908.

Flowing through the center of town, the Iron River had historically formed the major impediment to travel between the town's two sides. The first bridge was built across the Iron River here soon after the village's platting in the 19 century. But population growth after 1900 and the designation of a state trunk line through town in 1913 placed additional strain on the existing bridge. By the mid-1910s, the village had begun to consider a replacement span for the Iron River Bridge. At the town's request, MSHD engineers designed this 55 foot arch bridge, designated it Trunk Line Bridge No. 191, and awarded a contract for its construction to the Hoose and Person construction Company of Iron Mountain. The contractors completed the structure in 1917 for a total cost of $20,343.16, of which the village paid over $13,000.

Since its completion, the Iron River Bridge has carried increasingly heavy inner-city and regional traffic. In the 1920s the route was incorporated into US-2, and in 1926 Iron River was incorporated as a city, but the bridge functions in essentially unaltered condition. The Iron River Bridge is historically significant as the principal river crossing in the city and an important structure on the Upper Peninsula's most important highway. It is technologically significant as an unaltered, relatively early example of concrete arch bridge construction by the state highway department -- one of the first dozen such structures built by MSHD. The historic centerpiece of vehicular traffic in this city, the Iron River Bridge is eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.

In 1998, US-2 was relocated to the north , and this bridge now carries local traffic on Genesee Street which is the main street in Iron River.

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Photo Galleries and Videos: Genesee Street Bridge

 
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Maps and Links: Genesee Street Bridge

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