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Congress Parkway Bridge

Wagner Memorial Bridge

   


Congress Parkway Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: August 12, 2006, 2010-2011, August 12, 2013
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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Congress Parkway Over South Branch Chicago River
Location
Chicago: Cook County, Illinois
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1956 By Builder/Contractor: Overland Construction Company of Chicago, Illinois

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
2010
Main Span Length
221.5 Feet (67.5 Meters)
Structure Length
335 Feet (102.1 Meters)
Roadway Width
83.7 Feet (25.5 Meters)
Spans
1 Main Span(s) and 2 Approach Span(s)
NBI Number
000016244528778

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

View Archived National Bridge Inventory Report - Has Additional Details and Evaluation

View An IDOT Presentation About The 2010 Rehabilitation Project For This Historic Bridge

View IDOT's Page For The 2010 Rehabilitation

Congress Parkway Bridge

About The Congress Parkway Bridge

Congress Parkway Vertical Lift ProposalAt first glance, this bridge might appear to be like one of the other deck truss bridges in Chicago like on Ohio Street, which shares the common trait today of serving as a glorified expressway onramp, and also of being owned by IDOT instead of CDOT. However if you look at the trusses and see how the diagonals follow a v-pattern, it becomes clear that this bridge is using a Warren truss configuration. The Warren truss configuration is not unusual in general, but the Pratt configuration is used on all the other highway deck, pony, and deck-pony combination truss bascule bridges in Chicago and Cook County, with the exception of the Harlem Avenue Bridges. Similar to the Harlem Avenue Bridges, the Congress Parkway Bridge is actually two bascule bridges side by side. For comparison, the Michigan Avenue Bridge also is designed as two bridges parallel to each other as well.

Despite being one of Chicago's younger bridges, this bridge should still be considered historically and technologically significant. It is technologically distinguished for its unusual design consisting of two bascule bridges side by side. It is historically significant as one of only two examples among the deck truss bascule bridges in Cook County that follow the Warren truss configuration.

Planning for a bridge at this location was taking place as early as 1939 with the publication of "A comprehensive plan for the extension of the subway system of the city of Chicago : including provision for the widening of E. and W. Congress Street" by the Chicago Department of Subways and Traction. The full document can be found here. Three designs of bridge were considered including a bascule bridge (of somewhat different design than the bridge seen today), a vertical lift bridge, and a fixed arch bridge.

The superstructure contractor for the bridge was the Overland Construction Company of Chicago, Illinois. The electrical contractor was Garden City Engineering Company. The Simpson Construction Company was responsible for building the bridge tender houses.

This bridge was named the Wagner Memorial Bridge following the death of powerful 14th Ward Alderman Clarence P. Wagner (1904-1953) in a car accident.

2010 Rehabilitation

Congress Parkway Bascule ProposalIn April 2010, Illinois Department of Transportation (IDOT) initiated a $33 Million rehabilitation project for this historic bridge to ensure it will remain a safe and functional historic landmark for years to come. If the price tag seems high, this is simply because it is a movable bridge, and a fairly wide one too. Movable bridge projects are always dramatically more costly than fixed bridge projects, whether a repair or replacement project.

The rehabilitation project was a comprehensive project that included repairs and repainting, and it should dramatically extend the service life of the bridge. It appears to have been a well-designed project that will be respectful of maintaining the original materials and design of the most important parts of the bridge, most notably the trusses as well as the bridgetender buildings. The only loss of historic integrity is a minor one that is not of great concern with this bridge which is the replacement of the floorbeams and bracing. Other highlights of the project included a new roof and windows for the bridgetender buildings, replacement of deck stringers, and installation of a orthotropic deck. Orthotropic decks are a relatively new type of deck that show excellent potential for use in vehicular use historic bridge preservation work because they are strong, yet lightweight. Orthotropic decks eliminate the need for deck stringers by creating a load-bearing deck which is capable of transfering local live loads to adjacent floorbeams without the need for deck stringers. The new orthotropic deck replaces the steel grate deck on the Congress Parkway with a solid deck surface which means that a drainage system can direct water on the deck away from the truss superstructure. Metal grate decks can be problematic, particularly for deck truss bridges, since they allow moisture and salt to freely drain onto the superstructure, which results in deterioration. It is expected that the installation of the orthotropic deck with a directed drainage system will greatly reduce the rate of deterioration in the superstructure. The new deck should also provide a more comfortable ride quality and also offer greater traction.

Congress Parkway Fixed Bridge ProposalAs part of the rehabilitation project, the bridge was repainted. However it remained the same light grey color (which it has had since approximately 1990) and was not painted with the Maroon color that the Chicago Department of Transportation (CDOT) has been painting all of its bridges (including the Chicago L) with in recent years. The Congress Parkway Bridge is owned by IDOT and not CDOT, and IDOT decided to stay with the light grey because they find it easier to inspect the bridge, since the details on the bridge including any rust will be easier to see. However, the light grey paint color also seems appropriate for the bridge's design and location. In the same way that the light grey color allows for easier inspection, it also will allow visitors to easily see and enjoy the complex details of the bridge's design, and the lighter grey makes the bridge easier to photograph, particularly with a deck truss bridge like Congress Parkway where the trusses do not receive as much light since they are under the deck. Further, having the Congress Parkway Bridge a different color helps set it apart from the other bridges along the South Branch of the Chicago River which highlights the fact that this bridge, with its Warren truss configuration, is unlike the other bridges along this stretch of river.

Overall, this is an excellent rehabilitation project, and it is good to see IDOT committing to those Chicago bascule bridges which it owns, thus complimenting the commitment to preservation that CDOT has demonstrated for its historic bascule bridges in the downtown area. One of the things that makes Chicago so special is that it has been able to maintain these historic bridges such that they continue to beautify and enrich the culture of the city, while also acting as functional infrastructure in the heart of America's third largest city.

It should also be noted that the iconic Old Post Office building through which Congress Parkway passes directly through immediately west of the bridge is slated to be rehabilitated as well. The building was abandoned by the post office years ago, and is to be reused as a multi-purpose facility including retail on the beautiful first floor. Therefore, the bridge and building which together form a unique scene in Chicago appear to have a bright future.

Dedication Plaque

THE WAGNER
MEMORIAL BRIDGE

BY ORDER OF
THE CITY COUNCIL
JULY 13, 1953

TO HONOR THE MEMORY
OF ALDERMAN
CLARENCE P. WAGNER

Rehabilitation Plaque

STATION 380+69.12

REBUILT 2010 BY

STATE OF ILLINOIS

SEC. 2424.2B-R

LOADING HS20

STRUCTURE NO. 016-2445

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Historic Bridges of Chicago and Cook County

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Chicago and Cook County are home to one of the largest collections of historic bridges in the country, and no other city in the world has more movable bridges. HistoricBridges.org is proud to offer the most extensive coverage of historic Chicago bridges on the Internet.

Chicago / Cook County Bridge News

October 2015 - Patrick T. McBriarty, author of Chicago's River Bridges, informs HistoricBridges.org that in recognition for the "outstanding and original reference work that will support future scholarship in the history of technology", the book was awarded the biennial Eugene S. Ferguson Prize by the Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) at the SHOT Annual Meeting's awards banquet. See press release. This is the third award for this book. Order Now Direct From The Publisher! or order on Amazon.

October 23, 2015 - The Franklin Street Bridge celebrates its 95th Anniversary. Please view this announcement prepared by Chicago Loop Bridges or view it on the Chicago Loop Bridges Website.

September 2015 - Fall Bridge Lift Season is Underway. View Schedule.

May 2015 - Michigan Avenue Bridge celebrates its 95th Birthday this month! Click here for a news article.

October 2014 - A visit to Chicago revealed that the Van Buren Street Pedestrian Bridge was not demolished, but instead extensively rehabbed. The railings are new, but replicate the original design. The concrete encasement was removed and not replaced, and instead the exposed riveted steel beams have been painted. The riveted beams look quite nice, and given the condition of the bridge prior to the project this seems like a good outcome. In other news, the rehabilitation and repainting of the La Salle Street Bridge is ongoing, and the project to extend the Chicago Riverwalk under additional bridges on the Main Branch is continuing.

September 2014 - Chicago's dubious distinction of offering numerous boat tours that pass under the bridges but offer narration only of the buildings has ended with the start of a Wendella tour that focuses on bridges! Information is here.

July 29, 2013 - A project study has been initiated for the reconstruction of historic North Lake Shore Drive. This project puts a large number of historic bridges at risk for demolition and replacement. However, it could also be an opportunity to rehabilitate the bridges. Visit the project website.

May 15, 2013 - The Ashland Avenue Bridge over North Branch Chicago River has been recommended for Chicago Landmark designation by the Chicago Art Deco Society.

April 30, 2013 - Illinois Landmarks has included Chicago's Bascule Bridges as one of their Top 10 Most Endangered Historic Places. View The Official Page.

General Chicago / Cook County Bridge Resources

Chicago's Bridges - By Nathan Holth, author of HistoricBridges.org, this book provides a discussion of the history of Chicago's movable bridges, and includes a virtual tour discussing all movable bridges remaining in Chicago today. Despite this broad coverage, the book is presented in a compact format that is easy to take with you and carry around for reference on a visit to Chicago. The book includes dozens of full color photos. Only $9.95 U.S! ($11.95 Canadian). Order Now Direct From The Publisher! or order on Amazon.

Chicago River Bridges - By Patrick T. McBriarty, this is a great companion to Holth's book shown above. This much larger book offers an extremely in-depth exploration of Chicago's movable highway bridges, including many crossings that have not existed for many years. Order Now Direct From The Publisher! or order on Amazon.

View Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) Overview of Chicago Bascule Bridges (HAER Data Pages, PDF)

Chicago Loop Bridges - Chicago Loop Bridges is another website on the Internet that is a great companion to the HistoricBridges.org coverage of the 18 movable bridges within the Chicago Loop. This website includes additional information such as connections to popular culture, overview discussions and essays about Chicago's movable bridges, additional videos, and current news and events relating to the bridges.

Additional Online Articles and Resources - This page is a large gathering of interesting articles and resources that HistoricBridges.org has uncovered during research, but which were not specific to a particular bridge listing.

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Photos and Videos: Congress Parkway Bridge

Available Photo Galleries and Videos

Click on a thumbnail or gallery name below to visit that particular photo gallery. If videos are available, click on a video name to view and/or download that particular video.

 
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation, Before and During Rehabilitation
Original / Full Size Photos
A collection of overview and detail photos. For the best visual immersion and full detail, or for use as a desktop background, this gallery presents the photos for this bridge in the original digital camera resolution.
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation, Before and During Rehabilitation
Mobile Optimized Gallery
A collection of overview and detail photos. View the photos for this bridge in a reduced size which is useful for mobile/smartphone users, modem (dial-up) users, or those who do not wish to wait for the longer download times of the full-size photos. Alternatively, view this photo gallery using a popup slideshow viewer (great for mobile users) by clicking the link below.
Browse Gallery With Popup Viewer
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation, After Rehabilitation
Original / Full Size Photos
A collection of overview and detail photos. For the best visual immersion and full detail, or for use as a desktop background, this gallery presents the photos for this bridge in the original digital camera resolution.
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation, After Rehabilitation
Mobile Optimized Gallery
A collection of overview and detail photos. View the photos for this bridge in a reduced size which is useful for mobile/smartphone users, modem (dial-up) users, or those who do not wish to wait for the longer download times of the full-size photos. Alternatively, view this photo gallery using a popup slideshow viewer (great for mobile users) by clicking the link below.
Browse Gallery With Popup Viewer
View Video
Bridge Being Raised
Full Motion Video
South elevation, October 2017. Streaming video of the bridge. Also includes a higher quality downloadable video for greater clarity or offline viewing.

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