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This bridge is largely unaltered, something that cannot be said for all of the many stone arch bridges in this area. Its multi-span configuration, along with a center span that is a foot longer with a two foot higher rise, gives the bridge an attractive, appearance that is varied yet symmetrical. Historic bridge survey research found information that indicated that one of three bridges over Sand Creek dates to 1872. If it turned out to be this one, this bridge would be among the older of the stone arch bridges in this area, since a fair number date to as late as the early 20th Century. The generic 1890 date in the National Bridge Inventory is used for a bunch of the stone arch bridges in this area and is almost certainly incorrect.
Information and Findings From DHPA Historic Bridge Survey
Statement of Significance
Although all three arches are segmental, the central one comes close to being a semicircular one. The bridge's design, therefore, moved cautiously away from the standard. Very few of Decatur County's segmental arches are multispan.
Local craftsmen built most of Indiana's stone arches from regional materials just before or in the first fifteen years of the twentieth century. Most stonemasons preferred full-centered or semicircular arches in
which the line of pressure passes through the center of each stone in the arch ring until carried vertically into the substructure. In some cases, though, masons erected segmental arches in which the intrados is less than half a
circle. To function successfully, segmental arches require the substructure to accommodate some horizontal as well as some vertical pressure.
In March 1872, the Decatur board appropriated $500 as a contribution to the Sand Creek Turnpike Company to aid in "constructing a bridge across Sand Creek on their road." The appropriation could have applied to #114, #118, or #190.
Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: Yes
Coordinates (Latitude, Longitude):
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