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Primary Photographer(s): Rick McOmber
Bridge Documented: May 3, 2008
Rural: Williams County, Ohio: United States
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
By Builder/Contractor: Unknown
Not Available or Not Applicable
Main Span Length
58 Feet (18 Meters)
64 Feet (20 Meters)
17 Feet (5.18 Meters)
1 Main Span(s)
This bridge is a traditionally composed riveted pony
truss. It retains good historic integrity including original lattice
railings. The bridge is seated on concrete abutments which include concrete
posts that rise up and protect the end posts of the truss from damage and
visually provide a sense of beginning and end to the bridge.
Information and Findings From Ohio's Historic Bridge
The bridge carries a 2 lane road over a stream in a rural area of active farms.
The 1 span, 64'-long, rivet-connected Warren pony truss bridge has verticals and is traditionally composed of built-up members. It has lattice outriggers and railings, concrete deck, and is supported on concrete
Summary of Significance
The 1922 Warren pony truss is a later example of its type/design with no distinguishing features. It has riveted connections, typical of Warren trusses from about 1900 to the 1940s when riveted connections began
to be phased out in favor of welded connections. The weld-connected Warren trusses continue to be a popular bridge type/design on county roads in Ohio. The survey has identified more than 500 pre-1961 Warren pony truss bridges,
making them the most common truss type/design surviving in the state. This example is not historically significant for its technology or context. More distinguished examples better represent the significance of the type/design in
the development of the state's road systems. The not eligible recommendation of the prior inventory remains appropriate.
Warren trusses are the most common design found in Ohio and the nation. The Ohio Phase 1A survey (2008)
has identified more than 500 examples dating from 1897 to 1961, accounting for well over half of the approximately 800 pre-1961 metal trusses. The Warren design was particularly well suited to rigid (riveted, and later welded
connections), but not as well suited to pin connections; this helps to explain its popularity in the 20th century rather than the 19th century, although it is based on a British patent issued to engineers James Warren and Willoughby
Monzani in 1848. In the U.S., the popularity of the Warren truss coincided with improvements in pneumatic field riveting equipment starting about 1900. The Warren, which is based on a series of equilateral triangles, is identified
by its simplicity of design, ease of construction with equal-sized members, and ability of some diagonals to act in both tensions and compression. Warren trusses are often stiffened by the addition of verticals; they can also have
polygonal (sloped) upper chords to achieve greatest depth at midspan.
Warren trusses were a standard design of the Ohio State Highway Department in the 1910s and 1920s, but they achieved their greatest popularity with county
engineers, who purchased the bridges from Ohio fabricators such as the Champion Bridge Co. and the Mt. Vernon Bridge Co. Fewer than 25 surviving rivet-connected Warren trusses date prior to 1915, and they represent the period when
the rivet-connected design solidified its position as the most popular prefabricated county truss design.
A noteworthy change in the technological development of Warren trusses was the transition from riveted to welded
connections that began in the mid to late 1930s. The development was based on improvements in arc-welding equipment and the propagation of welding techniques as a substitute for riveting in many fields of construction, such as
steel-hull ships and steel-frame buildings. While most of Ohio's remaining truss fabricators went out of business in the depression of the 1930s, Ohio Bridge Corporation (OBC) of Cambridge grew its business on the development of a
standard weld-connected Warren pony truss with polygonal upper chords in the years immediately following WWII. OBC remains in operation and many Ohio counties continue to find the weld-connected Warren trusses to be a desirable
economical alternative to other bridge types. More than 360 of the 500 Warren trusses in the study are weld-connected and most are attributable to OBC from the late 1940s to 1960. It is the early examples of weld-connected Warren
trusses dating from the mid 1930s to mid 1940s that are the technologically significant examples.
Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: No
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