HistoricBridges.org Menu: HistoricBridges.org Menu:


We Recommend These Resources:
Bach Steel - Experts at historic truss bridge restoration.

HistoricBridges.org: Bridge Browser

John Bright Number 1 Iron Bridge

Havensport Road Bridge

John Bright Number 1 Iron Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth and Rick McOmber

Bridge Documented: June 8, 2014

View Photos
and Videos
View Maps
and Links

Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Pedestrian Walkway Over Fetters Run
Location
Lancaster: Fairfield County, Ohio: United States
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1884 By Builder/Contractor: Hocking Valley Bridge Works of Lancaster, Ohio

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
Not Available or Not Applicable
Main Span Length
90 Feet (27 Meters)
Structure Length
90 Feet (27 Meters)
Roadway Width
Not Available
Spans
1 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
23XXXX1

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

View Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) Documentation For This Bridge

HAER Drawings, PDF - HAER Data Pages, PDF

Among the most unique surviving metal truss bridges in the United States is this inverted bowstring through truss. Because of the manner in which the chords of the truss are arranged, the deck is technically suspended from the truss system. The unusual truss design gives this bridge an appearance that is immediately recognizable as something unusual. The vertical end posts add to the unusual appearance.

Visually, the bridge is enhanced by its decorative cast iron finials, cast iron portal knee braces, and ornamental builder plaque.

An interesting structural detail on this bridge is how the end posts rest on cast iron shoes.

The bridge is the only known all-metal inverted bowstring through truss. There is a hybrid wood/iron covered bridge a short distance north of this bridge however. Visit Bridgehunter to learn more about that, since HistoricBridges.org does not "cover" covered bridges...

A lot of websites and documentations of this bridge list the name of this bridge by the somewhat awkward name of "John Bright Number 1 Iron Bridge." The bridge originally came from Havensport Road over  Poplar Creek near Carroll, Ohio. The name "Havensport Road Bridge" is more representative of the bridge's origins. It was relocated here on the Ohio University-Lancaster campus in 1986 or 1999 depending on what website you look at. It has been rehabilitated for pedestrian use.

The end posts on this bridge have been removed and replaced with modern welded substitutes. It is a real mystery with this bridge: why were the end posts were not replaced in-kind with proper replicas, composed of riveted built-up beams. As vertical end posts, they are the first thing a visitor sees walking up to the bridge and are one of the most visible components on the bridge. And their plain, all-welded construction not only scream of modernity, they look profoundly out of place on the bridge. HistoricBridges.org recommends that future work on this bridge should replace the end post with riveted replicas. It would greatly improve the visual appearance of the bridge, to say nothing of the improvement in historical authenticity.

Information and Findings From Ohio's Historic Bridge Inventory

Setting/Context

The bridge carries a pedestrian trail over a stream on the campus of Ohio University Lancaster. The bridge is located in a casually landscaped campus setting and provides access to recreational fields.

Physical Description

The wrought-iron bridge is a suspension truss design, sometimes referred to as an inverted bowstring, with the deck suspended from the truss. The 9-panel bridge has a built-up upper chord and verticals and eyebar lower chord and diagonals. The upper-lateral bracing is a T-shaped section. The end posts are composed of welded plates and channels and do not appear to be original, although the posts do appear to bear on original cast-iron shoes. The bridge is supported on concrete abutments.

Integrity

Relocated ca. 1986 and rehabilitated. Truss lines appear to be original with the exception of the welded end posts. Decking and flooring system is not original.

Summary of Significance

The John Bright No. 1 Iron Bridge is NR Listed (1978). It was relocated ca. 1986 from its original location on Havensport Road to the campus of Ohio University Lancaster where it now serves as a pedestrian trail. The bridge was rehabilitated and maintains excellent integrity to continue to convey its significance as a rare bridge type/design.From HAER OH-44" The John Bright No. 1 Iron Bridge was built by the Hocking Valley Bridge Works (HVBW) of Lancaster, Ohio, probably in 1884-5. It is one of a relatively small number of surviving bridges to have been built by this local firm. The suspension truss design is very unusual, and is only known to have been used in a few bridges in Ohio by three bridge builders. There are some similarities in this bridge to several patented designs, but it most closely resembles Archibald McGuffie's 1861 patent for "Improvement in Construction of Bridges." The bridge is very similar in design to the nearby John Bright Covered Bridge (see HAER No. OH-45, 14XXX16). The two bridges illustrate the transition from timber to all-metal construction. The John Bridge No. 1 Iron Bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.

Justification

The bridge is a very rare type/design that has an exceptional level of significance.

Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: Yes

Divider

Photo Galleries and Videos: John Bright Number 1 Iron Bridge

 
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation
Original / Full Size Photos
A collection of overview and detail photos. This gallery offers photos in the highest available resolution and file size in a touch-friendly popup viewer. Alternatively, Browse Without Using Viewer
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation
Mobile Optimized Photos
A collection of overview and detail photos. This gallery features data-friendly, fast-loading photos in a touch-friendly popup viewer. Alternatively, Browse Without Using Viewer

Divider

Maps and Links: John Bright Number 1 Iron Bridge

Coordinates (Latitude, Longitude):
39.736460,-82.584680

View Bridge Location In:

Bridgehunter.com: View listed bridges within a half mile of this bridge.

Bridgehunter.com: View listed bridges within 10 miles of this bridge.

Google Maps

Google Streetview (If Available)

Bing Maps

OpenStreetMap

Apple Maps (Via DuckDuckGo Search)

Apple Maps (Apple devices only)

MapQuest

HERE We Go Maps

ACME Mapper

Waze Map

Android: Open Location In Your Map or GPS App

Flickr Gallery (Find Nearby Photos)

Wikimedia Commons (Find Nearby Photos)

Directions Via Sygic For Android

Directions Via Sygic For iOS and Android Dolphin Browser

USGS National Map (United States Only)

Historical USGS Topo Maps (United States Only)

CalTopo Maps (United States Only)


Divider
 
Home Top

Divider

About - Contact

© Copyright 2003-2020, HistoricBridges.org. All Rights Reserved. Disclaimer: HistoricBridges.org is a volunteer group of private citizens. HistoricBridges.org is NOT a government agency, does not represent or work with any governmental agencies, nor is it in any way associated with any government agency or any non-profit organization. While we strive for accuracy in our factual content, HistoricBridges.org offers no guarantee of accuracy. Information is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Information could include technical inaccuracies or errors of omission. Opinions and commentary are the opinions of the respective HistoricBridges.org member who made them and do not necessarily represent the views of anyone else, including any outside photographers whose images may appear on the page in which the commentary appears. HistoricBridges.org does not bear any responsibility for any consequences resulting from the use of this or any other HistoricBridges.org information. Owners and users of bridges have the responsibility of correctly following all applicable laws, rules, and regulations, regardless of any HistoricBridges.org information.

Divider