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Prince George Railway Bridge

Prince George Railway Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): C. Hanchey

Bridge Documented: August 16, 2010

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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Railroad (Canadian National) Over Fraser River
Location
Rural: Fraser-Fort George District, British Columbia: Canada
Structure Type
Metal 4 Panel Rivet-Connected Pratt Through Truss, Movable: Vertical Lift (Direct Lift) and Approach Spans: Metal 8 Panel Rivet-Connected Camelback Through Truss, Fixed

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
Not Available or Not Applicable
Main Span Length
100 Feet (30.48 Meters)
Structure Length
2658.8 Feet (810.4 Meters)
Roadway Width
18.3 Feet (5.58 Meters)
Spans
1 Main Span(s) and 12 Approach Span(s)
NBI Number
Not Applicable

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

View the original patent for the design of this bridge's vertical lift span.

View Historical Articles Discussing This and Other Direct Lift Bridges

 

This large bridge would be noteworthy on its own as a very long multi-span through truss bridge, however it is just one of its spans, indeed the one which is shortest in length, that makes this bridge one of the most historically significant bridges in Canada and North America. This particular span is a vertical lift span, an extremely unusual design of lift bridge called the "direct lift" bridge that was originally invented and patented by renowned movable bridge engineer Joseph Strauss. Only three bridges of this type were reported ever built in the United States although more had originally been planned, and only one remains in the United States today. It is not known how many were built in Canada, but this bridge is the only currently known example. For this reason, the bridge is considered nationally significant.

The direct lift bridge avoided the use of tall towers that hold and operate a lift span via a system of cables which is the design seen on traditional vertical lift bridges, and instead uses counterweights directly attached to the truss bridge via a parallelogram-shaped arm. When the bridge lifts, the arm rotates to lift the bridge up. Although this bridge is a vertical lift bridge, it is not too hard to see how some of the concepts of how a trunnion bascule works as well as the way a counterweight functions on a bascule bridge being applied here in a lift bridge. This is unsurprising, given that Joseph Strauss was a leader in the design of trunnion bascule bridges.

Because the Prince George Railway Bridge stylistically follows the details shown in the Strauss patent, and the fact that the bridge was built soon after the patent was issued, it is assumed that this bridge was designed by Strauss and is a genuine example of the patented design, however this assumption has not yet been proven by any documented evidence. Further research into this bridge might provide definitive confirmation of Strauss involvement.

Although the bridge has reportedly not lifted for decades, the lift span retains all the key elements that convey the patented design, including the parallelogram arms that connect the counterweight to the truss span and the truss span and counterweights themselves. Flickr has an additional photo of this bridge that is worth taking a look at.

This bridge was originally built by the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway.

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