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Erzsébet híd (Elisabeth Bridge)

Erzsébet híd (Elisabeth Bridge)

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: July 2, 2017

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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Szabad sajtó út Over Danube River (Duna)
Budapest: Pest County, Central Hungary (Pest megye, Magyarország): Hungary (Magyarország)
Structure Type
Metal Plate Girder Stiffening Wire Cable Suspension, Fixed and Approach Spans: Metal Stringer (Multi-Beam), Fixed
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1964 By Builder/Contractor: Ganz–MÁVAG and Engineer/Design: Sávoly Pál

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
Not Available or Not Applicable
Main Span Length
951 Feet (290 Meters)
Structure Length
1,242 Feet (378.6 Meters)
Roadway Width
Not Available
1 Main Span(s) and 2 Approach Span(s)
NBI Number
Not Applicable

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)
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Bridge Documentation

The Elisabeth Bridge (Erzsébet híd) stands out among bridges in Budapest because among the bridges destroyed in the city during the war, this is a bridge for which the pre-war design was not replicated. A photo of the previous bridge is shown above for comparison.

The original bridge was built in 1903, and it received significant attention in the engineering periodicals of the time. The bridge was an eyebar chain suspension bridge with rich ornamentation. The design and aesthetics of the bridge was purposely made to be different from other bridges in the city because it was felt that replicating the design of one of the other bridges would have been too monotonous. The war destroyed most of the bridge, with the exception of one tower and one adjacent backstay span. These ruins remained standing until a simple, modern wire cable suspension bridge with steel riveted towers and stiffening girders was erected in its place in 1964.

Above: Photo showing bridge construction.

Reportedly this bridge was designed with the aid of computers, which would have been an early use of computers for bridge design. Computers of the time reportedly were unable to calculate the design of the bridge using a traditional circular bundle for the main cable, therefore the main cable on this bridge takes on the form of a hexagon which was easier for the computers to handle.

The bridge is named after Wittelsbach Erzsébet (Empress Elisabeth of Austria).

The general contractor for the bridge is not listed, the company responsible for the cables on the bridge was Ganz–MÁVAG.

Above: View of the 1903 bridge.

Above: View of the 1903 bridge after destruction.

Above: View of the 1903 bridge after destruction.

Above: View of the 1903 bridge after destruction.

Above: Photo showing bridge construction.


Photo Galleries and Videos: Erzsébet híd (Elisabeth Bridge)

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