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DeArmond Ford Bridge

Decatur County Bridge 116

DeArmond Ford Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth and Rick McOmber

Bridge Documented: September 22, 2012

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Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
CR-400 South Over Sand Creek
Location
Rural: Decatur County, Indiana: United States
Structure Type
Stone Segmental Deck Arch, Fixed
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1903 By Builder/Contractor: Hodson
Rehabilitation Date
Not Available or Not Applicable
Main Span Length
28.5 Feet (8.7 Meters)
Structure Length
87.0 Feet (26.5 Meters)
Roadway Width
15.7 Feet (4.79 Meters)
Spans
3 Main Span(s)
Inventory Number
1600094

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)
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Bridge Documentation

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This is an attractive example of a stone arch bridge. With three spans, the center span is one foot longer and slightly taller than the end spans. The bridge is largely unaltered. It stands out among the many surviving stone arch bridges in this area for its lack of alteration and decent length.

Information and Findings From DHPA Historic Bridge Survey

Statement of Significance

This bridge pushes the conventions used with the typical stone arches built in the state's south-central counties. Although they are close to being semicircular, the rings are actually, if cautiously, segmental.

Architectural Description

Local craftsmen built most of Indiana's stone arches from regional materials just before or in the first fifteen years of the twentieth century. Following a few simple rules of thumb that had evolved since Roman days, stonemasons erected full-centered or semicircular arches in which the line of pressure passes through the center of each stone in the arch ring until carried vertically into the substructure. Most of the state's stone arches span streams in south-central counties. With more than two dozen extant, Decatur County built the largest number. By World War I, the growing popularity of concrete, which engineers could readily adjust to the special needs of each specific bridge site, quietly ended most stone arch construction in the region.

This limestone, three-span structure is 95' long and carries a 15'9" asphalt roadway between stone walls. The arch rings are close to being semicircular, and their stones are roughly-cut and mortared. Springing from near the water level, the arches rise about 11'6" over a span of 26', while the center one rises 12'6" and spans 27'. The bridge has stone footings, abutments, and wingwalls.

Other Information

The Decatur county commissioners ordered J. W. Craig in May 1902 to prepare estimates for a stone-arch bridge across Sand Creek at DeArmond Ford near Union Church in Sandcreek township. The county council appropriated $1,500 for construction in September. Letting a contract for a three-span stone arch did not occur until April 1903, at which time Hodson was the lowest and best bidder at $1,431, sufficiently under the estimate and appropriation to be successful. Hodson received partial payments in August and September that added up to almost the contracted figure.

Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: Yes

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Maps and Links: DeArmond Ford Bridge

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Bridgehunter.com: View listed bridges within 0.5 miles (0.8 kilometers) of this bridge.

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HistoricBridges.org Bridge Browser: View listed bridges within 10 miles (16 kilometers) of this bridge.

2021 National Bridge Inventory: View listed bridges within 0.5 miles (0.8 kilometers) of this bridge.

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