HistoricBridges.org Menu: HistoricBridges.org Menu:


We Recommend These Resources:
Bach Steel - Experts at historic truss bridge restoration.

HistoricBridges.org: Bridge Browser

Smith Road Bridge

Smith Road Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: September 22, 2019

View Photos
and Videos
View Maps
and Links

Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Pedestrian Walkway Over Land Depression
Location
Columbus: Franklin County, Ohio: United States
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1881 By Builder/Contractor: King Bridge Company of Cleveland, Ohio

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
1989
Main Span Length
44 Feet (13 Meters)
Structure Length
44 Feet (13 Meters)
Roadway Width
Not Available
Spans
1 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
Not Applicable

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

HAER Drawings, PDF - HAER Data Pages, PDF

View National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form For This Bridge

This wrought iron bowstring truss bridge was relocated to Ohio Village, an open air museum that is part of Ohio History Connection museum. The bridge came from Smith Road over Sycamore Creek in Crawford County, Ohio. It was moved in 1989. It is a classic example of the King Bridge Company's bowstring truss bridge, and includes their ornamental detail at each end of the truss. To walk on this bridge you must visit during operating hours and pay an entry fee. HistoricBridges.org visited this bridge at the end of the day after the museum had closed so only distant overview photos are available.

Above: Plaque. Photo Credit: Historic American Engineering Record

Above: Bridge prior to relocation. Photo Credit: Historic American Engineering Record

Information and Findings From Ohio's Historic Bridge Inventory

Setting/Context

The bridge carries a pathway over a depression at the Ohio Historical Society in Columbus.

Integrity

Bridge was near Bucyrus in Crawford Co. on Smith Road over Sycamore Ck. SFN 1741500. Moved to the Ohio Historical Center, Columbus in 1988.

Summary of Significance

The bowstring truss is NR listed (1980). It was relocated to OHS in 1988, but the relocation was sensitive and did not adversely impact the bridge's integrity of design and the technological significance of this rare bridge type/design. From HAER OH-46: "It [is] a prime, existing example of a wrought iron tubular arch design, patented by Zenas King of Cleveland's King Iron Bridge and Manufacturing Company in 1861 and improved upon in 1867. The patenting and manufacturing of the prototype of this design, among the first in the United States for an iron bridge, launched the career of this bridge designer and builder." Bowstring trusses are characterized by arched top chords and a trussed or lattice web. They rank among the rarest and most technologically significant of 19th-century metal truss designs since they appeared early in the evolution of iron bridge development and were almost always based on the patents or proprietary designs of bridge builders and engineers. The progenitor of the form was the famed engineer Squire Whipple of New York, who built the first example in 1840 over the Erie Canal at Utica. After the Civil War, Ohio was a center for the development of the bowstring with its concentration of metal bridge-building companies. Companies such Wrought Iron Bridge, Champion Bridge, Massillon Bridge, and King Iron Bridge built their reputations on successful bowstring designs with a dizzying number of variant ways of forming and connecting the truss members. The companies emerged in time to fill the burgeoning demand for an economical, prefabricated bridge for use on American roads. Bowstring trusses thus document this exceptionally inventive and technologically significant period in the development of American metal trusses from the 1860s to early 1880s. The ODOT inventory has identified 22 surviving examples dating from ca. 1864 to 1880 (Phase 1A, 2008).

Justification

The bridge is one of the 22 extant bowstring truss bridges that survive in the state. Having so many is remarkable, and even though they are "common" based on their numbers, each is an important and irreplaceable record of the development of the metal truss bridge and the ingenuity associated with the Ohio industrial development. The bridge has high significance.

Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: Yes

Divider

Photo Galleries and Videos: Smith Road Bridge

 
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation
Original / Full Size Photos
A collection of overview and detail photos. This gallery offers photos in the highest available resolution and file size in a touch-friendly popup viewer. Alternatively, Browse Without Using Viewer
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation
Mobile Optimized Photos
A collection of overview and detail photos. This gallery features data-friendly, fast-loading photos in a touch-friendly popup viewer. Alternatively, Browse Without Using Viewer

Divider

Maps and Links: Smith Road Bridge

Coordinates (Latitude, Longitude):

View Bridge Location In:

Bridgehunter.com: View listed bridges within a half mile of this bridge.

Bridgehunter.com: View listed bridges within 10 miles of this bridge.

Google Maps

Google Streetview (If Available)

Bing Maps

OpenStreetMap

Apple Maps (Via DuckDuckGo Search)

Apple Maps (Apple devices only)

MapQuest

HERE We Go Maps

ACME Mapper

Waze Map

Android: Open Location In Your Map or GPS App

Flickr Gallery (Find Nearby Photos)

Wikimedia Commons (Find Nearby Photos)

Directions Via Sygic For Android

Directions Via Sygic For iOS and Android Dolphin Browser

USGS National Map (United States Only)

Historical USGS Topo Maps (United States Only)

CalTopo Maps (United States Only)


Divider
 
Home Top

Divider

About - Contact

© Copyright 2003-2020, HistoricBridges.org. All Rights Reserved. Disclaimer: HistoricBridges.org is a volunteer group of private citizens. HistoricBridges.org is NOT a government agency, does not represent or work with any governmental agencies, nor is it in any way associated with any government agency or any non-profit organization. While we strive for accuracy in our factual content, HistoricBridges.org offers no guarantee of accuracy. Information is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Information could include technical inaccuracies or errors of omission. Opinions and commentary are the opinions of the respective HistoricBridges.org member who made them and do not necessarily represent the views of anyone else, including any outside photographers whose images may appear on the page in which the commentary appears. HistoricBridges.org does not bear any responsibility for any consequences resulting from the use of this or any other HistoricBridges.org information. Owners and users of bridges have the responsibility of correctly following all applicable laws, rules, and regulations, regardless of any HistoricBridges.org information.

Divider