HistoricBridges.org Menu: HistoricBridges.org Menu:


We Recommend These Resources:
Bach Steel - Experts at historic truss bridge restoration.

HistoricBridges.org: Bridge Browser

Vermilion Bridge

Vermilion Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: July 7, 2014

View Photos
and Videos
View Maps
and Links

Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Liberty Avenue (US-6) Over Vermilion River
Location
Vermilion: Erie County, Ohio: United States
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1928 By Builder/Contractor: Fort Pitt Bridge Works of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Engineer/Design: Ohio State Highway Department

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
Not Available or Not Applicable
Main Span Length
240 Feet (73.2 Meters)
Structure Length
246 Feet (75 Meters)
Roadway Width
35 Feet (10.67 Meters)
Spans
1 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
2202344

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)
View Information About HSR Ratings

Bridge Documentation

View Archived National Bridge Inventory Report - Has Additional Details and Evaluation

The Historic Bridge Inventory listed this as a Pennsylvania truss, but it is pretty clearly a Parker truss. Moreover, the Historic Bridge Inventory dismissed the bridge as not historic. However, this bridge will soon be one of the last remaining examples in the entire state of a state highway department standard-design through truss. Ohio did not have many surviving examples to begin with, yet most are slated for demolition. It is important to select some for preservation to document this period in the development of bridge design and construction in Ohio, representative of a period where truss bridges were designed by a highway department. Many states had highway departments that developed their own design of through truss and built across their respective states, either to an exact standard plan, or to custom-designed plans that still followed general parameters for design details. Each state's take on through truss design was a little different, so although state-designed trusses look alike within a particular state, when compared with other states they are all unique. As such representative examples in each state need to be considered for long-term preservation as a part of that particular state's heritage.

Currently, this particular bridge is in good condition, so it would make sense to select this one for long-term preservation and develop a management plan to that end.

Information and Findings From Ohio's Historic Bridge Inventory

Setting/Context

The bridge carries a 2 lane highway with turning lane over the Vermilion River in Vermilion.

Physical Description

The 1-span, 246'-long, rivet-connected Pennsylvania thru truss bridge is composed of built-up chords and floorbeams. It was rehabilitated in 1986, which primarily consisted of replacing the deck and stringers and in-kind repairs to the truss. There is a cantilevered sidewalk with metal-panel railings. Light posts are at the bridge corners.

Integrity

Deck replacement (1986).

Summary of Significance

This is a late example of the type/design with no significant details or features. The Pennsylvania truss type/design, also sometimes referred to as a Pettit truss, is a subdivided Pratt truss with polygonal upper chord that was developed in the 1870s for use as a long-span bridge with heavy locomotives. The Pennsylvania Railroad popularized the form (hence the name), and Henry Pettit, an engineer in the employ of the railroad, became associated with it. It was not, however, used exclusively by the Pennsylvania RR being a very popular railroad and later highway truss design. Lighter pin-connected Pennsylvania truss highway bridges were built from the 1880s to 1910s, and the design also made the transition to heavier, rivet-connected designs of the mid 20th century. The truss's main advantages are an economical use of material provided by the sloped upper chord and the added stiffness provided by the substruts and ties in longer spans. Span lengths of up to 300 ft. are not uncommon. Ohio has eight identified examples dating from 1888 to 1939. Post-1900 examples are less significant than earlier examples, but they may illustrate important refinements, such as the use of riveted connections or rolled section members.

Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: No

Divider

Photo Galleries and Videos: Vermilion Bridge

 
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation
Original / Full Size Photos
A collection of overview and detail photos. This gallery offers photos in the highest available resolution and file size in a touch-friendly popup viewer. Alternatively, Browse Without Using Viewer
View Photo Gallery
Bridge Photo-Documentation
Mobile Optimized Photos
A collection of overview and detail photos. This gallery features data-friendly, fast-loading photos in a touch-friendly popup viewer. Alternatively, Browse Without Using Viewer

Divider

Maps and Links: Vermilion Bridge

Coordinates (Latitude, Longitude):

View Bridge Location In:

Bridgehunter.com: View listed bridges within a half mile of this bridge.

Bridgehunter.com: View listed bridges within 10 miles of this bridge.

Google Maps

Google Streetview (If Available)

Bing Maps

OpenStreetMap

Apple Maps (Via DuckDuckGo Search)

Apple Maps (Apple devices only)

MapQuest

HERE We Go Maps

ACME Mapper

Waze Map

Android: Open Location In Your Map or GPS App

Flickr Gallery (Find Nearby Photos)

Wikimedia Commons (Find Nearby Photos)

Directions Via Sygic For Android

Directions Via Sygic For iOS and Android Dolphin Browser

USGS National Map (United States Only)

Historical USGS Topo Maps (United States Only)

CalTopo Maps (United States Only)


Divider
 
Home Top

Divider

About - Contact

© Copyright 2003-2021, HistoricBridges.org. All Rights Reserved. Disclaimer: HistoricBridges.org is a volunteer group of private citizens. HistoricBridges.org is NOT a government agency, does not represent or work with any governmental agencies, nor is it in any way associated with any government agency or any non-profit organization. While we strive for accuracy in our factual content, HistoricBridges.org offers no guarantee of accuracy. Information is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. Information could include technical inaccuracies or errors of omission. Opinions and commentary are the opinions of the respective HistoricBridges.org member who made them and do not necessarily represent the views of anyone else, including any outside photographers whose images may appear on the page in which the commentary appears. HistoricBridges.org does not bear any responsibility for any consequences resulting from the use of this or any other HistoricBridges.org information. Owners and users of bridges have the responsibility of correctly following all applicable laws, rules, and regulations, regardless of any HistoricBridges.org information.

Admin Login

Divider