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Elm Grove Stone Bridge

Monument Place Bridge

Elm Grove Stone Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth and Rick McOmber

Bridge Documented: August 1, 2007

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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
US-40 (Historic National Road) Over Little Wheeling Creek
Location
Elm Grove: Ohio County, West Virginia: United States
Structure Type
Stone Elliptical Deck Arch, Fixed
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1817 By Builder/Contractor: Moses Shepherd

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
1922
Main Span Length
38 Feet (12 Meters)
Structure Length
194 Feet (59 Meters)
Roadway Width
37.4 Feet (11.4 Meters)
Spans
3 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
35A036

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

View Archived National Bridge Inventory Report - Has Additional Details and Evaluation

View the National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form For This Historic Bridge.

View the National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form For Shepherd Hall (Monument Place).

This bridge is the oldest bridge in West Virginia. It has carried such prominent American figures as Andrew Jackson, James K. Polk, William Henry Harrison, Henry Clay, and Daniel Webster across Wheeling Creek. As an 1817 structure, is is also among the oldest extant bridges in the country. It enjoys further technological significance as a relatively rare example of a stone arch that features the elliptical style of arch. The three span structure was altered in the 1950s when a concrete veneer was plastered over the stone, making it look like a concrete arch bridge. Today, some of that concrete is peeling off, so the stone is visible on a couple places. The railings and sidewalks on the bridge are concrete and are not original, although the concrete railings are still decorative in design and are not modern, dating to a 1931 alteration.

This bridge was both proposed and built by a man named Moses Shepherd who was friends with who was at the time House Speaker Henry Clay. Through this friendship, Shepherd was able to get the contracts to build bridges on a section of the National Road, including the Elm Grove Stone Bridge. He further used his influence to get the Elm Grove Stone Bridge built in a different location than originally proposed, even though it required an extra bridge. This was done so the National Road went by his plantation called Shepherd Hall. He also built a monument to Henry Clay in front of Shepherd Hall to honor Clay's involvement with the National Road. The monument is today demolished, but this monument is what later caused Shepherd Hall to be called Monument Place, and the bridge in turn, the Monument Place Bridge.

The West Virginia National Road Alliance has proposed some changes to the Elm Grove setting, including the rehabilitation of the historic bridge. It is assumed that any rehabilitation would include the removal of the concrete veneer to reveal the beautiful stonework below. In their words, their proposal is:

A site of tremendous importance to the National Road is Monument Place, the location of Shepherd Hall, the former Fort Shepherd, the former Clay Monument, the historic Elm Grove Stone Bridge, and the intersection of National Road/ Route 40 and Interstate 70. The history of the site deserves special attention, as does the importance of this transportation node. The National Road makes a 90- degree turn here due to the Shepherd's efforts and it is here that hundreds of tour buses pass on their way to Oglebay and other local tourist attractions.

Draw attention to the importance of this site by reconstruction of the Clay Monument, adding sidewalks linking the Monument Place intersection to the other side of the highway, removing the rusted chain link fence or replacing it with a decorative fence, planting street trees along National Road, building decorative pavement crosswalks with coordinated crossing signals, providing access to historical markers with landscape enhancements, and access to the Wheeling Creek. Other possibilities include seating at Monument Place intersection, perhaps partnering with McDonalds and the Osiris Shrine, an overlook at the South East corner of the Stone Bridge, coordination with the bridge rehabilitation, interpretive and way finding signage, landscaping at intersections on both sides of highway, street and accent lighting, kiosks, and perhaps a literal gateway over the Monument Place intersection.

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Photo Galleries and Videos: Elm Grove Stone Bridge

 
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Maps and Links: Elm Grove Stone Bridge

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