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Fox Run "S" Bridge

New Concord Bridge

Fox Run

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: August 24, 2019

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Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Historic National Road Over Fox Run
Location
New Concord: Muskingum County, Ohio: United States
Structure Type
Stone Segmental Deck Arch, Fixed
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1828 By Builder/Contractor: Unknown and Engineer/Design: Benjamin Latrobe
Rehabilitation Date
Not Available or Not Applicable
Main Span Length
Not Available
Structure Length
140.0 Feet (42.7 Meters)
Roadway Width
Not Available
Spans
1 Main Span(s)
Inventory Number
60XXXX3

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)
View Information About HSR Ratings

Bridge Documentation

This historic National Road "S" bridge stands out as particularly well preserved and the site retains some of the approaching brick roadway as well.

View Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) Documentation For This Bridge

View National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form For This Bridge

Above: Historical 1933 photo of bridge from Historic American Engineering Record

Information and Findings From Ohio's Historic Bridge Inventory

Setting/Context

The bridge carries a bypassed section of the old National Road over a stream in a setting with scattered modern development. A parklet has been developed around the bridge with a parking lot and picnic tables to the west of the bridge. US 40 dualized passes about 35' south of the bridge.

Physical Description

The stone arch bridge has an S-plan to its approach roadways and wingwalls. The arch has coursed ashlar arch barrel, spandrel walls, string course, and parapets. The arch ring has voussoirs and keystone. The voussoirs have a stepped pattern with alternating voussoirs recessed so that they are not flush with the spandrel walls.

Summary of Significance

The New Concord S Bridge is NR listed (1972).

Stone arch highway bridges and culverts are not uncommon in Ohio with more than 190 examples dating from ca. 1825 to 1940 (Phase 1A Survey, 2008). Significant examples date to the 2nd quarter of the 19th century (fewer than 26 pre-1851) and are often associated with historically important transportation routes such as the National Road and the state's early canals or railroads. Later examples may have significance on the merits of the aesthetic quality/craftsmanship of the masonry work or in association with parks, such as the stone arch bridges in Cleveland's Rockefeller Park (ca. 1897-1904) or Youngstown's Mill Creek Park (ca. 1913). Stone arch culverts have roadways on earth fill atop the arch, which may or may not have headwalls, but they are the same traditional technology as arch bridges that have spandrel walls and parapets.

"The immigrants who settled America came from European countries where masonry arch bridge construction was well established. Our most distinctive collection of stone arch bridges are found on the early, eastern trunkline railroads such as the B&O and Erie railroads. Early turnpikes such as the National Road had impressive stone arch bridges in Maryland. Along the road in Ohio, the famous S-bridges were built. Canals such as the Erie and the Chesapeake & Ohio had stone arch aqueducts. The technology of stone arch construction is ancient. Increased use of metal truss bridges from the late 1800s into the early twentieth century, led to a decline in stone arch bridge construction. The strength and durability of stone arch bridges made them popular. Generally, stone arch bridges built during the nineteenth century are found today in areas where good stone was available. Stone arches were common in the first half of the nineteenth century, and a number of these structures still exist. Stone arch bridges from the late eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth century are highly significant if they retain their character-defining features, which include the arch ring with keystone, barrel, spandrel wall, parapet, headwalls and abutments/wingwalls. Piers may also be a character-defining feature. Many of these stone arch structures possess both engineering and historical significance for their associations with the work programs of the Great 1930s. Stone arch bridges that do not fit within these areas (early, Depression-era, association with parks) generally possess less significance, but are still significant." [From: A Context for Common Historic Bridge Types by Parsons Brinckerhoff, October 2005]

Justification

A well represented bridge type throughout the state for both bridges and culverts, stone arch bridges date from the mid 1830s and the building of the National Road through Belmont Co. Many are superbly proportioned and constructed by local contractors. They were built through World War I, particularly during the later years in park settings. More than 125 examples remain. This example has moderate significance based on its date of construction, detailing, and historic contexts). Its significance is a high moderate.

Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: Yes

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Photo Galleries and Videos: Fox Run "S" Bridge

 

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Maps and Links: Fox Run "S" Bridge

Coordinates (Latitude, Longitude):

Search For Additional Bridge Listings:

Bridgehunter.com: View listed bridges within 0.5 miles (0.8 kilometers) of this bridge.

Bridgehunter.com: View listed bridges within 10 miles (16 kilometers) of this bridge.

HistoricBridges.org Bridge Browser: View listed bridges within 0.5 miles (0.8 kilometers) of this bridge.

HistoricBridges.org Bridge Browser: View listed bridges within 10 miles (16 kilometers) of this bridge.

2021 National Bridge Inventory: View listed bridges within 0.5 miles (0.8 kilometers) of this bridge.

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