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Station Road Bridge

Station Road Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Nathan Holth

Bridge Documented: August 24, 2019

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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
Pedestrian Walkway (Former Station Road) Over Cuyahoga River
Location
Brecksville: Cuyahoga County, Ohio and Summit County, Ohio: United States
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1882 By Builder/Contractor: Massillon Bridge Company of Massillon, Ohio

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
1992
Main Span Length
124 Feet (37.8 Meters)
Structure Length
129 Feet (39.2 Meters)
Roadway Width
14.9 Feet (4.54 Meters)
Spans
1 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
7751036

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)
View Information About HSR Ratings

Bridge Documentation

This rare Whipple truss bridge displays the unique Howe truss portal bracing of the Massillon Bridge Company. The bridge has been preserved in its original location for pedestrian use, the former highway now being a trail in a national park.

View Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) Documentation For This Bridge

HAER Data Pages, PDF

View National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form For This Bridge

Information and Findings From Ohio's Historic Bridge Inventory

Setting/Context

The bridge carries a bike path over the Cuyahoga River in the Cuyahoga Valley National Park.

Integrity

Closed to traffic in 1988 and rehabilitated for pedestrian/bike use in 1992.

Summary of Significance

According to ODOT records, the 1882 double-intersection Pratt thru truss bridge is NR listed. Double-intersection Pratt trusses, also known as Whipple or Murphy-Whipple trusses, were among the most successful of long-span thru truss designs (up to 300' long) of the 1860s to 1890s for both railroad and vehicular crossings. Surviving examples are uncommon nationally and considered technologically significant; Ohio with at least 14 identified examples dating from 1881 to 1898 (Phase 1A survey, 2008) has a very high number in comparison to most other states. The truss design is characterized by diagonals that extend over two panels. In 1847, Squire Whipple, one of America's foremost bridge engineers, developed the design figuring that the double-intersection configuration increased the depth of panel without altering the optimal angle of the diagonals, thus allowing for increased span length. His design was further refined in 1859 by John W. Murphy, the talented chief engineer of Pennsylvania's Lehigh Valley RR, who substituted wrought-iron pins for cast-iron connecting pieces, thus developing the connection detail that would prove to be advanced construction practice for this and other truss designs for the next several decades. Ohio's surviving examples, which mostly date to the 1880s, were not cutting edge for their time, but they show how the form had evolved into the preferred long-span thru truss design of the period. Most have documented associations with prominent Ohio-based fabricators.

Justification

There are 13 examples of the bridge type important to the development and maturation of the pin-connected thru truss bridge. They date from 1881 and concentrated in the 1880s. Even though there are more than 12 extant examples in Ohio, each built in the 1880s has high significance based on overall scarcity (everywhere but in Ohio) of the design. This is a major and technologically significant bridge type. The bridge has high significance.

Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: Yes

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Photo Galleries and Videos: Station Road Bridge

 
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Maps and Links: Station Road Bridge

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