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3rd Street Bridge

3rd Street Bridge

Primary Photographer(s): Elaine Deutsch

Bridge Documented: July 1, 1905

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Key Facts

Facility Carried / Feature Intersected
3rd Street (PA-3035) Over East Branch White Clay Creek
Location
Avondale: Chester County, Pennsylvania: United States
Structure Type
Stone Segmental Deck Arch, Fixed
Construction Date and Builder / Engineer
1912 By Builder/Contractor: D. E. O'Connell and Sons and Engineer/Design: Nathan R. Rambo

Technical Facts

Rehabilitation Date
1986
Main Span Length
29 Feet (8.84 Meters)
Structure Length
40 Feet (12.19 Meters)
Roadway Width
18 Feet (5.49 Meters)
Spans
2 Main Span(s)
NBI Number
15303500101152

Historic Significance Rating (HSR)

Bridge Documentation

View Archived National Bridge Inventory Report - Has Additional Details and Evaluation

This bridge is traditionally composed, but in addition to its forty foot primary span, there is a much smaller additional span at one end of the bridge. Both spans have been altered with the addition of a corrugated steel liner under the arches.

Information and Findings From Pennsylvania's Historic Bridge Inventory

Discussion of Bridge

The two-span, 40'-long stone arch bridge, built in 1912, has voussoirs with keystone, fieldstone spandrel walls, and parapets with sections of replacement concrete coping. It is supported on a stone pier and abutments with wingwalls. The bridge has been heavily repointed. In 1986, the arches were strengthened with steel plate liners. The bridge is an altered example of a bridge type that is common from the first two decades of the 20th century in Chester County. The county-built traditional stone arch bridges were favored by the county engineer, and at least 19 similar bridges from 1908 to 1919 have been identified. Stone arch bridges have been in use in Pennsylvania since the late 17th century, and over 350 examples have been identified statewide, with more than two-thirds dating to before 1900. Early 20th century examples in Chester County are considered individually significant in the local context only when they are complete and large or particularly well detailed. This altered example is not historically or technologically distinguished within its population or by its setting and context.

Discussion of Surrounding Area

The bridge carries a 2 lane road over a stream in a mixed 19th- to late-20th-century residential area in the town of Avondale. At the bridge's southeast quadrant is a playground and at the northeast quadrant is an empty lot. At the northwest quadrant is an altered one story church building with front and rear additions and loss of fenestration. At the southwest quadrant is an altered late-19th-century vernacular frame residence with replacement siding and fenestration. The immediate setting does not appear to have historic district potential based on the level of irreversible alterations and lack of overall architectural integrity.

Bridge Considered Historic By Survey: No

Information and Findings From Pennsylvania's Stone Arch Bridge Management Plan

Discussion of Bridge

The bridge is recommended for the Reserve Pool. The bridge's condition code is very high; no specific action is required. Its waterway is adequate. Because most of the bridge is intact, the bridge would be relatively inexpensive to rehabilitate. The bridge is not individually eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places, but it contributes to the Avondale Historic District. The bridge has received some public support (two emails), and the community has a strong sense of its history. However, the bridge carries a moderate amount of traffic and its roadway width is narrow. It lies in an area of rapid development, where it will experience an increase in traffic in the future, perhaps beyond what it can adequately handle. For this reason, it is not recommended for long-term preservation at this time.

Ratings

The Avondale, Third Street Bridge is owned by PennDOT and is ranked 77th.
Condition Code = 63 - very high
Transportation Code = 49 - moderate
Waterway Adequacy Code = 53 - moderate
Cost to Rehabilitate or Replace Code = 56 - high
Anticipated Development Code = 28 - very low
Recreational, Historical, and Cultural Values Code = 53 - moderate
Public Input Code = 42 - low

Recommendation: Recommended for the Reserve Pool.

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